X-Mid 2 Tent
The X-Mid 2 is sold by our partners at Kaviso. These tents are in stock now. To order please visit X-Mid 2 at Kaviso.com.
Receiving the highest awards from BackpackingLight and Section Hiker, the X-Mid 2 has been developed from the first principles of geometry to achieve the most weight efficient design for a trekking pole shelter. This innovative and patented geometry makes the X-Mid 2 exceptionally capable, spacious, and stormworthy at the lowest weight – anything lighter is smaller, lower function, and/or using less durable materials. It has also been redesigned into a second generation version that has a smaller footprint, less weight, and a tighter pitch while remaining just as spacious.
The X-MidTM 2 provides a spacious, user friendly, and stormworthy shelter for just over 2 lbs (1 kg). In wet conditions, no other tent can boast the X-Mid’s comprehensive defenses of a fly first pitch, no-sag fabric, large adjustable vents, factory seam taping, protected entryways, full coverage fly (to block rain splatter and drafts), and double-wall protection. Those attributes combined with a spacious interior and generous vestibules make the X-Mid the ideal place to ride out a storm.
The X-Mid 2 also provides a superior user experience with an obsessive attention to detail, such as one-handed operating zippers and large doorways that aren’t blocked by the trekking poles. The rectangle based X-Mid has an ultra-simple pitch that goes up quickly with only 4 required stakes, no mandatory guylines, and nothing to measure. Setup is a stark contrast to other trekking pole tents that require numerous stakes, guylines, and struts en route to a pitching process filled with measuring and guesswork.
The X-Mid also boasts the highest quality. It is assembled at arguably the best tent factory in the world using premium components, laser cut fabric panels, factory seam taping, full double stitching, and double folded edges. We’re not aware of a competing trekking pole tent with that same quality. While the X-Mid 2 has a higher cost of production than comparable tents, it is priced lower simply because we sell it to you direct with only a modest markup.
The X-Mid 2 is sold by our partners at Kaviso. These tents are in stock now. To order please visit X-Mid 2 at Kaviso.com.
The goal with the X-Mid was to start with a clean sheet of paper and reason from there to create the optimal trekking pole supported shelter – one that offers maximal functionality, space, storm resistance, and simplicity at the lowest weight.
The most fundamental – and thus first – design question was: What shape should form the tent’s base? Most trekking pole supported tents are based around hexagons or even more complicated shapes, but as the number of sides increases, so does pitching complexity, number of seams, stakes, and weight. Typically pitching these complex tents require estimates of stake locations, angles, distances between stakes, measuring pole lengths, and estimating pole positions. Setting that up can be fun in the backyard but not fun in a rainstorm. The X-Mid eliminates most of this guesswork by opting for a rectangle base – by far the easiest shape to stake out.
The challenge with the rectangle – and reason why it hasn’t been used more historically – is that it’s hard to implement a good trekking pole structure. Most prior rectangle-based tents have been single-pole pyramids, which are lauded for their simplicity but lack headroom, and the single pole near the center typically interferes in the living space and/or doorways. Other rectangle based designs have used two poles along the perimeter, such as the classic pup tent design. This appreciably increases living space but having the poles along the perimeter creates vertical side walls, which catch wind and complicated the pitch as they require guylines and stakes. It’s also a more boxy and inefficient shape, and the poles still typically interfere in the doorways.
Reasoning from first principles, it was obvious that the ideal tent should use two poles to bolster living space since hikers commonly have two poles on hand anyways. It would be a shame not to utilize them, but how to achieve this while avoiding all the common pit-falls was a design challenge that resonated in my head throughout my 2014 PCT thru-hike. It resonated again during my 2017 Great Divide Trail thru-hike until I realized a solution to all of these long-standing issues with the patented X-Mid layout:
The X-Mid layout starts with the unique idea of placing the sleeping area on a diagonal inside of a rectangular fly. This creates vestibules on either side and importantly allows for two trekking poles to be positioned in from the perimeter so the shelter can pitch robustly without guylines (optional ones strengthen it further in storms). Positioned like this, the poles provide abundant living space while being out of the way of the doors and living space, and not complicating the pitch. It’s a spacious shelter that pitches easily with only 4 stakes.
The X-Mid geometry is also lightweight because it is the most volumetrically efficient shape for a trekking pole shelter. If you do the math, you’ll find any other comparably sized trekking pole shelter uses more fabric, stakes, or both, resulting in a heavier geometry. Any competing double-wall tent as light as the X-Mid is either much smaller, using more delicate fabrics, or quite a bit less featured.
The X-Mid also provides outstanding performance in stormy conditions. When it’s rainy, the X-Mid is as good as it gets due to the fly first pitch, generous living space, large vestibules with space for cooking and wet gear, no-sag fabric (polyester), fully taped seams, a double-wall design that protects from contact with condensation, protected entryways that can be left open in light rain, and large vents that open and close easily to reduce condensation. No other tent can claim that entire list (I’m serious. If you know otherwise, contact me and I’ll change this).
The X-Mid is also stable in the wind and snow due to the weather-resistant shape, durable materials, and additional guyout options. Unlike most tents, the X-Mid geometry results in wall slopes that are both consistent and moderate. Most tents have quite variable wall slopes (e.g., low angle roof panels but steep sides) so there are often low angled roof panels that accumulate snow yet overly steep sides that catch the wind. The X-Mid is rare in having consistent panels, and importantly, they are all at a moderate slope, which balances performance in the wind and snow. In addition to this high-performance shape, the tent also buttons down solidly in harsh weather with numerous optional stake out points around the base, vents that quickly shut to block wind and snow, and peak guylines that can be deployed to strengthen the shelter further.
The materials are also up to the task with tough #5 water-resistant zippers on the fly (many competing tents use weaker #3 zippers and cheaper non-waterproof zippers with flaps that don’t work as well and love to snag in the zipper). The X-Mid fabric is a durable 2500mm sil/PEU coated ripstop polyester (20 denier) that has been independently tested to verify that it is still highly waterproof after extensive wear. This polyester weight is the ideal material for a well-rounded lightweight tent because it is light, durable, and unlike nylon, it doesn’t sag, weaken in wet conditions, or degrade with UV exposure.
Overall the X-Mid layout is the optimal design for a trekking pole shelter because it is maximally simple, spacious, and lightweight while providing robust weather protection.
Features / Advantages
- Ultra-simple pitch with just four stakes
- Fly first pitch, so the inner tent stays dry during setup in the rain
- 10% more compact footprint for the second generation version
- Offset twin pole structure provides generous headroom and living space by maximizing the distance between the two poles.
- Double-wall design protects from condensation.
- Dual doors and dual vestibules provide easy access and ample gear space.
- Protected doorways can be left open in light rain.
- Doorways are large and not blocked by trekking poles like many designs.
- Polyester fabric doesn’t sag in the rain.
- Polyester fabric doesn’t absorb water, so it is fast dry and stays light.
- Large vents minimize condensation and close easily for harsh conditions.
- Excellent snow shedding via steep roof panels
- Excellent high wind performance via even load distribution on the stakes, optional peak guylines, and additional hem stakeout points.
- Four interior pockets
- Full coverage fly extends to the ground to block drafts yet can be raised for more ventilation.
- Vestibules can be collapsed to fit into smaller tent sites
- Packs short enough to store horizontally in a pack
- Fly and inner can pitch separately
- Magnetic door toggles for quick operation
- Fully waterproof seams (seam taped or waterproof construction)
- Non-slippery floor
- Premium materials and hardware (e.g., YKK AquaGuard Zippers)
- Fly: 20.4 oz / 580 g
- Inner: 15 oz / 425 g
- Stuff sack: 0.5 oz / 14 g
- Stake sack: 0.2 oz / 4 g
- Stakes: 4 ti hooks @ 8g, 4 ti V stakes @ 12g
- Tent (fly + inner): 35.4 oz / 1005 g
- Typical setup: 38.4 oz / 1085 g (tent, stuff sacks, 6 stakes)
- Complete package: 39.4 oz / 1115 g (tent, stuff sacks, 8 stakes)
- 20 denier 420 thread-count 100-percent polyester in desert sage (canopy) or anthracite (floor)
- 2500mm sil/PEU coating
- Peak reinforced with 210d black nylon
- YKK #5 AquaGuard (water-resistant) zippers (fly)
- YKK #3 zippers (inner tent)
- 4 titanium shepherd’s hook stakes
- 4 titanium V stakes
- Made in Vietnam (same premium factory as MSR, Mountain Hardwear)
- Fly: 83 x 100 in / 210 x 254 cm
- Fly area: 57.6 sq ft / 5.35 sq m
- Fly peak height: 48 in / 122 cm
- Inner peak height: 45 in / 114 cm
- Floor width: 52 in / 132 cm
- Floor length: 92 in / 234 cm
- Floor area: 33.2 sq ft / 3.1 sq m
- Vestibule area: 23 sq ft (11.5 sq ft x 2) / 2.1 sq m (1.05 sq m x 2)
- Packed size: 12 x 6.5 in / 30 x 17 cm
The X-Mid 2 provides the best all around balance of stormworthiness, simplicity, and space for the lowest weight, such that any competing tent is heavier, smaller, less stormworthy, or all of the above.
To illustrate this, the table below compares the X-Mid 2 with two of its strongest competitors. While these are excellent tents, the X-Mid 2 is much lighter than the Stratospire 2 while offering improved stormworthiness and simplicity. Compared to the Tigerwall 2, it is much more spacious and stormworthy for the same weight.
|X-Mid 2||Tarptent Stratospire 2||Big Agnes Tigerwall 2|
|No sag fabric||Yes||Yes||No|
|Fly first pitch?||Yes||Yes||No|
|Peak vents||Dual, large, adjustable||Dual, small, fixed||None|
|Floor width||52″||52″||42 – 52″|
|Floor area||33 sq ft||31 sq ft||28 sq ft|
|Interior peak height||45″||47″||39″|
|Vestibule area||11.5 sq ft (x2)||10.3 sq ft (x2)||8 sq ft (x2)|
|Fits two wide pads?||Yes||Yes||No|
|Minimum # of stakes?||4||8||4|
|Overall ease of pitching||Easy||Hard||Easy|
|Vestibule location||Beside doorway||Blocking doorway||Blocking doorway|
|Can pack horizontally?||Yes||No (has struts)||No (has poles)|
|Fully double stitched?||Yes||No||No|
|Factory seam taped?||Yes||No||Yes|
|Price & Weight|
|Tent weight||35 oz/1.0 kg||41.3*oz / 1.20 kg||35 oz/1.0 kg|
|Tent + stakes weight||36.5 oz / 1.03 kg||43.8*oz / 1.27 kg||36.5 oz / 1.03 kg|
*Weight includes 1oz for seam sealing because it is not factory seam taped like the X-Mid 2.
Q) Do two people have to sleep opposite ways?
No. The headroom is a bit different on each side but the X-Mid 2 is highly spacious with 20-35% more interior volume than its main competitors, so two people can comfortably sleep the same way.
Compared to most trekking pole tents, the X-Mid’s diagonal ridgeline is substantially longer which gives greater headroom in the tent by 20-50%. This extra headroom is gained diagonally, so two opposite corners get outstanding headroom, while the other two corners have more typical head clearance (orange pad side in the above image). You could sleep opposite so both people get extra head clearance, but when sleeping the same way the person on the regular side still has as much or more head clearance as competing tents so there rarely is a need. There is no headroom disadvantage in the X-Mid – just good headroom on one side and excellent on the other.
Additionally, the person on the regular side does not need to sleep tucked into the ‘low’ corner since the X-Mid 2 is longer than comparable tents (106″ long canopy vs 95-100″). The generous length means that the person with the lower corner at their head can slide down to leave the corner as a space for gear, while the other person slides away from the lower corner at their feet. This leaves both people in a normal side by side position with ample headroom and handy gear storage at both ends of the tent. You could sleep opposite so both people have extra headroom, but it really is very comfortable for two people sleeping the same way. If someone is quite tall (e.g. 6’4″) they will prefer the side with added headroom. Only if both people are taller than 6’4″ do we recommend sleeping opposite. These people wouldn’t fit at all in most competing tents.
Q) I heard the X-Mid 2 has a large footprint that can make site selection more difficult. Is this true?
The X-Mid 2 is designed to be a comfortably sized 2P tent and thus does have a larger footprint then that some 2P tents which are quite tiny when actually used by two people. There is a trade off here since a tent that is larger on the inside will also be larger on the outside, but the footprint of the X-Mid 2 is still quite normal for a 2P tent (see diagram). Additionally, we trimmed about 10% off the fly area for the second generation introduced in 2022.
We think providing a comfortable amount of space is the right approach because it benefits you every night, whereas only on rare occasions is the bit larger footprint a small inconvenience and even then you can collapse one or both vestibules to fit into smaller sites. The X-Mid is one of the most popular tents on the Appalachian Trail where smaller campsites are common.
The diagram below shows that the footprint of the X-Mid 2 compared to other popular 2P tents:
Q) How is the X-Mid so affordable?
The X-Mid is built at the same high end factory as respected brands like MSR and Mountain Hardware. Our price is only lower because we sell direct to you rather than having a large retail markup (retailers typically double the price). By eliminating that markup, we can pass most of the savings onto you, while also investing a portion into building even better gear. For example, the X-Mid is the highest quality as we insist that literally everything is double sewn, and we use premium components such as waterproof YKK AquaGaurd zippers, and yet our price is lower than anything comparable simply because of the slim markup.
There are a few other tent companies that also sell direct yet are still priced similar to tents at retail. That’s simply because they’re enjoying generous profit margins while hoping you wrongly assume their higher prices means higher quality. Take a close look and you’ll see those tents often aren’t even seam taped nor fully double stitched yet cost 50% more. Even at a higher price, you can’t find higher quality than the X-Mid.
Q) The X-Mid 2P doesn’t seem lighter than UL tents offered by mainstream companies with traditional poles.
A) There are tents with traditional pole sets that are lighter than the X-Mid, such as the Big Agnes Tiger Wall UL2 (35 oz). Since pole sets are heavy (often about 10oz) to get the tent that light, something has to give. Commonly that’s space and durability, where a traditional tent as light as the X-Mid is almost certainly far smaller, less durable, and lower performance (e.g. lacking vents and a full coverage fly). In the case of the Tiger Wall UL2, that accomplished through giving up a lot of durability (e.g., 10D fabrics, #3 zippers), cutting useful features like vents, using less waterproof fabrics, and making it smaller (e.g., tapering the floor to 42″ at one end). By using trekking poles and a more efficient geometry the X-Mid 2P can offer more interior volume, higher performance/water capability, and more durable fabrics, zippers, and coatings at a similar weight. Instead of a small tent for docile conditions, the X-Mid 2P is a nicely sized 2P tent with legitimate foul-weather capability.
Q) How does the angled ridgeline affect headroom while sitting?
Most noticeably, the angled ridgeline gives substantially more headroom. In any trekking pole tent, the ridgeline is the part with maximum height, so a longer ridgeline means more headroom. In the X-Mid 2 the ridgeline is 62″ long while competing tents are 35-50″ – meaning that the X-Mid 2 has 20-75% more headroom.
The other difference is the position of this headroom. The X-Mid ridgeline is diagonal, so when two people share the tent one person will have the highest area a bit above the center while the other person has it a bit below the center. This offset is fairly minor as the the highest areas are only about 6″ away from the centerline and the tent is quite tall so you don’t need to sit exactly there. However, you may find that you prefer to shift your position slightly as you sit up to take full advantage of this headroom. Most people do this naturally and it quickly becomes second nature. When you do this it gives a large increase in headroom and personal space compared to other tents because the two people sit slightly offset from each other instead of shoulder to shoulder. So the headroom layout is unique but gives more total headroom and personal space.
Q) Should I use a groundsheet?
A) Our 20D floor is more durable than most ultralight tents (which are 10-15D) and will last a long life without a groundsheet if it’s used with care. However, it is still a light fabric so recommend a groundsheet if you may be pitching on harsher surfaces like gravel or bedrock, or if you like to keep the floor cleaner. We sell X-Mid groundsheets here.
Q) Can I pitch just the fly or inner?
A) Yes. The inner easily disconnects via buckles at the peaks and clips at the four corners to leave just the fly. If you want to pitch just the inner, you can remove the fly peaks’ guylines and tie them to the inner peaks while adding knots for the pole tips, but our Stargazer kit makes inner-only pitching much easier as it has separate guylines that clip right on plus grommets for your pole tips and tensioners for quick adjustment.
Q) I don’t use trekking poles. What can I do?
A) We offer folding, adjustable length poles called Z-Flick poles that can be used instead of trekking poles. These are the lightest adjustable poles on the market.
Q) Why polyester over nylon?
A) The main reason is that nylon absorbs water in wet conditions. That results in 3 big problems: First, it expands (or “sags”) about 4% which makes for a saggy tent in wet conditions. This is a common problem in nearly all lightweight tents, but low weight polyester fabrics are finally available which solve this. Second, nylon’s water absorption makes the tent slow to dry and heavy with up to a pound of water in the fabric, and third, nylon weakens by about 10% when wet. Polyester doesn’t absorb water, so it doesn’t have any of these issues plus it’s far more UV resistant so it lasts longer. Check out our materials page for more detail on this.
Q) How does this compare to the DCF X-Mid Pro 2?
A) The X-Mid 2 is our most well rounded 2P tent, while the X-Mid Pro 2 is our cutting edge ultralight version. They are both built the highest quality and just have different aims.
The regular version is a bit more spacious, more durable, and more functional (e.g. doublewall) but the Pro is a lot lighter (20 vs 36oz) and not far behind in those categories. It’s only slightly smaller and still good in tough conditions, but it is a bit less durable (e.g. #3 zippers), doesn’t protect you from touching condensation (since it is hybrid/singlewall) and a lot more expensive because it uses extremely light but very expensive Dyneema composite fabric. The X-Mid 2 is a great tent for anyone, but if you can afford DCF and don’t mind trading away a bit of durability the Pro 2 will save an entire pound of weight off an already very light tent.
Q) How can I repair my X-Mid?
A) Check out our repair guide.
Q) How should I pitch it in stormy weather?
A) For the most weather resistant pitch, you should pitch it low to the ground (shorten the cord at the corners as much as possible), use the optional stake out points around the base to spread the load, and deploy the peak guylines. Orient the guylines towards the long sides of the tent to support those larger walls. You can add a second peak guyline for extreme conditions by tying the cord inside the peaks and running it out the vents. This way, you can guyout each peak from two directions, which makes it extremely strong.
Q) How does the X-Mid compare to [some competing tent]?
A) The X-Mid geometry is the most volumetrically efficient shape possible because it has been designed from the first principles of physics and geometry. Thus, it is impossible to make a lighter tent unless you use lighter materials, reduce features or make it smaller. If you find a lighter tent, it likely is a single wall design that isn’t nearly as good in sloppy conditions, or it uses DCF fabric and thus costs at least 2.5x as much.
Any tent that uses similar materials and is also a double-wall usually is quite a bit heavier. Of the few tents that are not, these are always smaller, less featured, or both. We could make the X-Mid smaller or less featured too. However, its current design is carefully considered so that it is among the lightest tents in its class while still offering a comfortable amount of space and a useful feature set. The weight is similar to the lightest woven double-wall tents out there while providing more space and features. To save another two ounces would require large compromises in function or durability, such as hard to use door clips instead of zippers, smaller or omitted vents, and delicate hardware. Tents that make these compromises are much less well rounded.
The X-Mid tents are very simple to pitch, however, there are some things to consider for maximum performance in stormy weather. Below we describe the basic pitch and then how to troubleshoot issues and get a very robust pitch for stormy weather.
1) Stake out the rectangular base (e.g. stake one end, pull out a 3rd corner at 90 degrees, pull last corner taut).
2) Inspect your rectangle to make sure it’s reasonably accurate (not skewed into a diamond). Adjust stake positions if needed.
3) Snug the rectangle tight using the corner tensioners (important so the poles don’t overextend).
4) Add the two poles with your handles up and extend firmly until they are taut.
Before adding more stakes to beef it it up, it is best to correct any issues with the basic pitch. There are two common issues:
1) Loose Sides
Problem: The rectangular base was not tight when the poles were added. This pulls the corners in and allows the poles to overextend giving an overly tall tend with loose sides.
Solution: Lower the poles, snug up the base, re-extend the poles.
2) Loose Ridgeline or Wonky Canopy
Problem: The base was not staked in an accurate rectangle but instead was skewed into a diamond. Depending on the direction of the skew, the ridgeline will be under or over tensioned.
Solution: As the diagram below explains, use the corner tensioners to adjust the corners back into a proper rectangle. Most likely you will loosen two opposite corners and tighten the two opposite corners.
To beef up the pitch for storms, we recommend in approximate order of importance:
1) Make sure your basic pitch is good (tight everywhere). It is best not to use more stakes to compensate for core issues.
2) Add cord to the peak guylines and stake these out along the ridgeline or angled more towards the door walls if the wind is broad side.
3) Replace the shockcord at the door and end wall stake points with static cord (included) and stake these points to better anchor the peak. The static cord eliminates stretch for a more solid pitch.
4) Add cord to the side panel guylines and stake these down on the same angle of slope as the roof panels. Do not pull the sides out substantially.
5) Add the stakes below the main door panels.
If you are the video type, the below video shows how the to pitch the X-Mid.
The X-Mid 2 has been widely praised by real users and gear review outlets alike. In the HalfwayAnywhere survey it is one of the highest rated tents on the Pacific Crest Trail, and has collected awards for best ultralight tent from BackpackingLight, Section Hiker, iRunFar, and Adventure Alan:
Backpacking Light: “Exceptionally high quality. Field performance was outstanding…an excellent size-to-weight ratio for a dual-pole, double-wall, two-person tent….Overall, it has simply been a joy to use.”
Adventure Alan: “A winning combination of low cost, low weight, a ton of livable area and great condensation control.”
Section Hiker: Awarded 10 Best 2P Backpacking Tents for 2020, 2021, and 2022
iRunFar: Awarded Best Ultralight Tents of 2022
“The Durston X-Mid 2 is one of the most hyped products in the ultralight backpacking world, and it lives up to, and maybe even surpasses, that hype.”